HISTORY AS A BRANCH OF LITERATURE IT was long the custom for the more self-consciously scientific school of historians of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to aggrandise themselves by asserting that their more serious kind of historical study was a thing of recent origin* This whole branch of learning had been held back, according to their allegations, by the fact that hitherto it had been regarded as a mere form of literature. The opponents of the dryly academic school of writers have in turn been only too content to allow the discussion to take place on the basis thus provided—a basis which helped no doubt to flatter even their self-esteem as well (though in a some- what different way) and assisted them in what perhaps were little aggressions of a gentler sort. Professor Trevelyan may make the remark with a different innu- endo, but he too, for example, is willing to say that until comparatively recent times history was regarded as a branch of literature. When hostile parties happen H.H.R. - , 22J ' P'